Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, stopping, directing, and correcting of biting disorders or dental irregularities, including the use of braces. Specialists known as orthodontists are the ones you should consult for orthodontic treatment. These specialists specialize in this field after four years of dental school, and two years or more of additional training.
There are also different orthodontic treatment methods developed in accordance with different dental and jaw disorders. Each patient should consult a specialist and ask for the method that is most suitable for their oral and dental health.
What is Orthodontics? What Are They? What Is He Interested In?
What is orthodontics: The word orthodontics comes from the Greek in origin. The word ortho means neat, while the word odons means tooth, and orthodontics is formed by the merging of these two words. Orthodontics is one of the many dental specialties. The goals of orthodontics are to detect and treat dental and bone disorders, especially in the jaw area.
Initially, orthodontic treatments were aimed at treating children and young people, as bone development was not yet fully completed, but today it has become an area that adults also often resort to. Well-aligned teeth have many advantages, including easier cleaning, better oral hygiene, clearer speech, and a more pleasant smile. Although orthodontic treatment is effective at any age, the orthodontic treatment process that starts earlier can solve the problem successfully more quickly.
What is Orthodontic Treatment?
Some people have straight teeth that fit together naturally. But if you have problems with your bite or the alignment of your teeth, you may need orthodontic care. Orthodontic care involves the use of devices such as braces. With this treatment, the teeth are corrected, the problems with biting are corrected, the gaps between the teeth are closed, the swallowing disorder is treated, and the lips and teeth are aligned properly.
Although pediatric orthodontic treatment is more known, adults can also have braces installed. Orthodontic treatment in young children can ensure proper jaw growth. Just as this helps permanent teeth to come out properly, flat permanent teeth can help prevent dental problems later.
The stages of orthodontic treatment proceed by taking the patient’s dental mold, producing special wires for the patient, attaching the wires to the teeth, and installing them until the teeth reach the desired position. As long as attention is paid to what should not be eaten in orthodontic treatment and oral hygiene is cared for, the treatment is successful. In case of problems such as tooth shaking during orthodontics treatment, you should contact your doctor immediately.
Prices for Orthodontics
Orthodontic prices, that is, the prices of braces, differ from person to person, as well as the material used, and the type of wire, depending on the institution that performs the treatment. For example, transparent orthodontics prices and orthodontics prices that are invisible behind the teeth are different from each other. When you contact a specialist for treatment, he or she will first determine what kind of treatment you need by looking at your tooth and jaw structure.
After that, the treatment is determined according to your needs from the available options, and the pricing can only be known after a diagnosis. If the public hospital or university hospitals cannot perform the treatment, they refer the patient to a private hospital. although SSK covers the costs for those under the age of 16, it only covers a part of the treatment of those over the age of 16.
Lingual orthodontics is also known as invisible braces. They perform a similar function as conventional braces, but, unlike them, they are placed not on the visible side of the tooth, but on its backside. Although it takes time for patients to get used to it at first due to contact with the tongue, there is no serious difference in feeling between traditional wires. It is a good alternative for those who are engaged in hard sports, play musical instruments with mouths, or find it more comfortable not to have visible wires in their social life. Lingual orthodontics may be a little more expensive in price, but those who have lingual orthodontics are satisfied with the treatment.
Many people use the terms, dentist and orthodontist, interchangeably, but this is not entirely true. These two professions certainly have similarities, but orthodontics is a certain type of dental specialty. These specialists treat certain dental problems. The focus areas of a dentist include the mouth, jaw, teeth, gums, and nerves.
Orthodontists work in a more specialized part of these areas. Their priority is to straighten the teeth, and bring them to their ideal position in the mouth. In the simplest terms, all orthodontists are dentists, but a small number of dentists are orthodontists. An orthodontist doctor diagnoses biting disorders, crossed teeth, jaw disorders, and dental excess conditions. After the diagnosis is made, the orthodontist tries to solve the problems he or she has discovered. These are problems that will worsen over time if left untreated. An orthodontist is a specialist who repairs these conditions.
There are some methods that make it possible to treat without braces. Transparent aligners called Invisalign are made of transparent plastic, which is specially made to fit over the teeth. They are designed to gradually move the teeth to the desired position during treatment and are replaced with a new set every few weeks. Thanks to this, the teeth are gradually pulled to the desired position.
This treatment is popular due to its more discreet appearance and ease to installation and removal compared to traditional braces, but it is not suitable for everyone. In general, those who want to correct smaller orthodontic problems, such as slightly crooked or protruding teeth or small cavities, can resort to radio orthodontics.
What Does Orthodontics Do
Orthodontics is a dental specialty on the movements of teeth, face, and jaw. It is an area that corrects dental and jaw disorders by also focusing on jaw growth and development. Although orthodontists are often referred to as correcting teeth with braces, they also try to diagnose and solve problems such as lower jaw-upper jaw mismatch, which can lead to serious pain and disorders for the patient.
Transparent Plaque Orthodontics
Transparent plaque orthodontics is one of the methods that allow you to pull the teeth to the desired position without installing braces. If a person has no advanced dental or jaw disorders, the patient uses a transparent plaque that can be attached to and removed from the top of their teeth instead of braces. This plaque is renewed every few weeks, and thus new plaque is produced according to the movement of the teeth, regularly applying force on the teeth. Reasons such as easy use, and invisibility make it a frequently preferred method.
Orthodontic clinics are specially designed places equipped to provide braces services. These clinics have both the necessary equipment and specialists to be able to treat all patients, including advanced-level disorders. They help the patient in the process ranging from the diagnosis of the problem to the implementation of the treatment plan.
Types of Orthodontics
Since there is more than one orthodontic disorder, there are more than one types of orthodontics. Conditions such as the upper jaw or lower jaw is being further ahead and the teeth do not fit together perfectly, and may require different treatment.
The most widely known type of orthodontics is metal braces. It provides an improvement over a period of 6 months to 2 years depending on the patient’s condition. Transparent braces, on the other hand, are made of different materials, so their visibility is lower, similar to the structure of the tooth. Lingual braces are worn on the back of the tooth. In addition, transparent plaque is a method used for lower-level disorders without wearing braces.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Why Do Teeth Become Crooked and How to Treat Them?
The main reason why the teeth are crossed is that the size of the jaw and the teeth are not compatible. In such cases, the teeth are arranged diagonally or spaced so that they can settle on the jaw. This problem most often occurs after the milk teeth come out. The main causes of dental perplexity are events such as the premature appearance of milk teeth, malnutrition, children’s habits such as sucking fingers at a young age, a disorder in the form of hospitalization, and irregular appearance of teeth at the age of 20.
Is There an Age Restriction in Which Orthodontic Treatment Can Be Applied?
There are no age restrictions in orthodontic treatment. However, starting treatment at an early age in cases of tooth perplexity is important for the success of treatment because it is done before the person’s jaw development is completed. In this context, it is recommended to start treatment in the first 7-10 years. If the patient has problems with the jaw and skeleton, treatment should be started before the age of 12. In addition, contrary to what is popularly thought, orthodontic treatment can also be applied at a later age.
How Long Does the Treatment Last?
It is not correct to give a fixed period of time for orthodontic treatment. The duration of treatment is related to the type and level of jaw and tooth disorder. In relatively small perplexities, the treatment can be completed in a few months, while in larger problems, the treatment can take several years. In these cases, our patients need to be patient in order to achieve success.
How Often Are the Treatment Sessions?
With the start of orthodontic treatment, control sessions are held for a maximum of one month. For this reason, care should be taken to regularly comply with the doctor’s appointments.
What Alternatives Do They Have for Orthodontic Treatment?
Braces and “brackets” placed on them are traditionally used in orthodontic treatment. In recent years, aesthetic solutions such as transparent plates and porcelain brackets have also been preferred in the treatment of orthodontics. This treatment, which is performed only with plaque application by taking the measurement of the teeth at certain time intervals without wearing braces, is called the “Invisalign Technique”.
What Negative Effects Do Crossed Teeth Have?
The presence of crossed and spaced teeth in the jaw structure leads to many problems such as the inability to clean the teeth well enough, the formation of caries on the teeth, and gum problems. In addition, it causes psychological problems in a person by its appearance.
How Should Dental Care Be During Orthodontic Treatment?
Dental care is becoming more important during orthodontic treatment. In cases where oral hygiene is not provided, teeth can decay faster during orthodontic treatment. Plaque accumulation around the brackets and wires used can damage both the teeth and the gums. Therefore, in addition to brushing your teeth, brackets should be cleaned using the interface brush recommended by your dentist and bacteria formation should be prevented with mouthwash.
What Should Be Taken into Account So That the Brackets Do Not Fall Off During the Treatment Process?
In order to prevent damage to the wires and the brackets on them in the treatment of orthodontics, it is necessary to avoid hard, sticky, crusty, acidic, and sugary foods. Such food and drinks damage orthodontic materials, leading to an extension of treatment.
What Are the Materials Used?
Conventional metal brackets can be used for fixed orthodontic treatments, as well as ceramic brackets that provide a more aesthetic appearance are preferred. In addition, treatment-specific elastics are also installed along with brackets and wires to ensure that the teeth are closed correctly, and the tooth sequence is created correctly.
In What Cases Can Movable Apparatuses Be Removed?
If movable devices that can be inserted and removed are used in the treatment, the devices should not be removed from the mouth except in cases where food is eaten in order for the treatment to be successful,
Is the Tooth Layer Damaged When the Braces Are Removed at the End of the Treatment?
The brackets are fixed to the tooth surface with a special adhesive. The adhesive material in question is easily separated from the tooth surface with the help of special tools. In the process that follows, after the wires come out, the tooth surface is cleaned and finally, the polishing process is performed on the layer. In all operations performed, the protective enamel layer of the tooth is not damaged in any way.
What is the Radio Treatment of Crooked Teeth “Invisalign-Transparent Plaque”?
A type of radio orthodontic treatment that is applied and digitally designed to correct crossed teeth with transparent plaques made specifically for the patient’s teeth is called Invisalign. Invisalign plaques are produced in series with the 3D scanning method according to the desired position of the teeth to be moved. These plaques are worn for 15 days and then transferred to another plaque. Thus, the movement of the teeth in the desired direction is ensured.
Is There an Age Restriction in the Treatment of Invisalign (Transparent Plaque)?
Similar to standard orthodontic treatment, Invisalign can be applied to both adults and teenagers, and children. However, it is necessary to evaluate whether Invisalign treatment can be applied by a doctor. In order for Invisalign treatment to be started in children, all milk teeth must have fallen out and at least the second large molars must have been partially removed. The cases in question occur on average around the age of 13-14 years.
Why is Invisalign (Transparent Plaque) Treatment Preferred?
Since braces are not used in this treatment method, it is preferred because it is not visible on the outside that the person is undergoing orthodontic treatment. In general, we can list the reasons and advantages of preference as follows. Because plaques are made of soft material, they do not disturb the teeth and gums. Plaques can be easily removed while eating, drinking something, or brushing your teeth. Invisalign does not adversely affect everyday life. Invisalign is almost never visible in the mouth.
How Long Does Invisalign (Transparent Plaque) Treatment Take?
Like standard orthodontic treatments, Invisalign can last up to a year. It is an advantage that the end of your treatment is obvious at the beginning of Invisalign treatment. Monthly control appointments are established, and two new transparent plaques are delivered to the patient at each control. The plates in question must be replaced every 15 days. According to the treatment to be performed, the duration of treatment is determined depending on the number of plaques. The duration of Invisalign treatment for mild and moderate perplexities may be relatively shorter than the duration of normal orthodontic treatment.
How to Care for Invisalign (Transparent) Plaques?
Invisalign plaques should be cleaned twice a day with warm water. Thus, both oral and dental health and the service life of plaque will be extended.
How Long Should I Wear Invisalign (Transparent) Plates During the Day?
Transparent plates should be worn for an average of 20 hours a day. It is recommended to remove it only when eating. In addition, removing plaque when drinking very hot things such as tea prevents plaque from deforming.
Will I Be Able to Talk Comfortably with Plaque in My Mouth?
After the placement of plaques, it is experienced that our patients have problems with speech during the 1-2-day habituation period, and after this period, they move on to their normal lives.
Does Orthodontic Treatment Funded by the State?
SGK covers the entire orthodontic treatment of those under the age of 16, but only a part of it for those over the age of 16.
When Does Orthodontic Treatment Start Again?
When the use of elastics will be included in the treatment varies from person to person, depending on the duration of movement of the teeth, but more or less elastic use begins within 6-8 months.
What is Orthodontic Treatment? how is it done?
Orthodontic treatment is the correction of the bone structure by means of methods such as wire or plaque in case of tooth and jaw disorders, to bring it to the desired position.
In What Cases Is Orthodontic Treatment Performed?
Orthodontic treatment can be applied if the person has dental crowding in the mouth, lower jaw-upper jaw mismatch, chewing, or swallowing problems.
How Old Should Orthodontic Treatment Start?
Because the development of teeth and bones is not yet complete, orthodontic treatment in children may be easier, but no matter what age, orthodontic treatment can be started if there is a need.
Who Is Orthodontic Treatment Applied to?
Orthodontic treatment can be applied to anyone with dental and jaw disorders. Although it may be more advantageous to start at a young age, adults can also receive treatment.
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